As the world becomes more and more reliable on the internet, the increasing amount of information becomes public and is under threat of breach and invasion. Along with this, an increasing amount of people and applications are continuously flooding the market.
With this, a lot of individuals, startups, and companies are facing financial, trust, and reputational damage with several cyber-attacks. As the world gets revolutionized, cyber threats also keep on improving and optimizing their ways of invasion and attacks.
In 2022, the most common and frequent cyber-attack was ransomware with a total of 68.42% and network breach stood at second with 18.42% of total cyber-attacks globally.
These attacks lead to data loss, theft, and manipulation that cause several adverse effects. For this reason, cybersecurity has been gaining exponential popularity among businesses and individual protection strategies. This practice protects data while mitigating risks and vulnerabilities.
You can utilize several cyber security measures to protect your systems. This includes using strong passwords, putting up a firewall, and updating and maintaining programs regularly, monitoring and strictly controlling software to detect any kind of invasions or threats.
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Diverse Categories And Methods Of Cyber Attacks: Understanding The Landscape Of Digital Threats
There are many types of cyber attacks and their tactics and modes keep on changing and improving to better detect vulnerabilities and attack the user. Several cyber criminals use multiple modes to hijack a computer or network server to cause harm and damage.
To better avoid these types of attacks and invasions, proper awareness training programs should be given to employees and workers. Moreover, campaigns and events should also be normalized to teach the older generation who are more prone to getting lured into these types of scams.
Malware is the most common type of cyber attack and stands for malicious software. This includes ransomware, viruses, worms, trojans, adware, spyware, etc. They are designed to harm the computer and their users by stealing, deleting, and misusing information.
They usually enter through vulnerabilities or breaks in the software or operating system through links, websites, or downloads by unauthorized access and invasions. Some of these attacks are.
- Ransomware- this is when the user’s account or website is held captive in exchange for a ransom which is usually money. It is driven through emails, links, or messages through various social media.
- Viruses and worms- these are code that holds malicious intentions and injects itself into an application. It becomes active when the application runs and spreads throughout the software and data.
- Trojan- it disguises itself as a native or harmless file and then attacks the application, once installed. It is used to gain control or access to already present data.
- Adware and Spyware- these are malware that gather sensitive information and habits of the user to either do harmless analytics or to steal financial or personal information.
- Rootkits and Bootkits- these are malware that are used to gain access and control of software or applications. Through this, they can download other types of malware such as worms, viruses, or trojans. This provides a backdoor for hackers to exploit the program.
Social Engineering Attacks
Social engineering attacks are better known as human hacking attacks that usually manipulate and trick users into providing entry into their applications or software. Through this, the user’s private information is exposed through access to their device. These include.
- Phishing- this is a very common cyber-attack that uses links, SMS, and emails from legitimate sites or websites to compel users to share sensitive information like passwords or account details. Along with this, they also fool users into downloading malware on their systems.
- Baiting- this is a way to lure users into malicious sites through gift cards or bonuses and take control of their sensitive information.
- Pretexting– this is also similar to baiting, but the attackers also take on false personas usually of high authority to expose financial details and information of victims.
- Malvertising- this is online advertisements and campaigns that are controlled by hackers to lure users in to view or click on malicious links to gain control.
- Tailgating or Piggybacking– it is usually when an unauthorized person follows an authorized person through a security door or entrance. They pose as they are with that person to gain access to confidential data.
Distributed Denial Of Service (DDOS)
These types of cyberattacks overwhelm a website or system by diverting a large amount of false traffic and requests to stop the system from operating. They slow down the system and prevent access to all its functions and operations.
This is also usually coupled with other attacks to overwhelm the security and attack or invade through a different source to steal or hijack. Some of these types of attacks are.
- Botnets- These are attacks that usually utilize several fake accounts and software that help overwhelm the target system and carry out DDOS attacks. Moreover, they are even harder to attack as the multiple systems are spread over a wide geographic range.
- Smurf Attack- In this attack Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo requests are generated at a large scale to overwhelm the victim. These requests generally come from spoofed IP addresses.
- Teardrop Attack- this involves sending the victim packets of fragmented packets that overlap and fail to assemble which leads to the crashing and failing of the system.
- TCP SYN Flood Attack- in this the attacker’s device fills the victim’s device with connection requests to fill the small ques. After this, it does not respond if the victim accepts the connection which causes the system to hang and clash.
- Ping of Death Attack- This type of attack utilizes an enormous amount of IP packets and when the system fragments these packets and reassembles them, it fails and crashes the system.
Man-in-the-middle (MITM) Attack
It is a type of cyberattack where the hacker intercepts and inserts himself in the middle of an application and user to steal and eavesdrop on sensitive information. Once they have come in between two parties, they steal, transform, or manipulate the user’s data. This includes.
- Session Hijacking- In this type, the attacker hijacks the session between a client and a user. It spoofs the IP address of the client and inserts in between their session to act like the client and steal information.
- IP Spoofing- In this, the attacker sends packets by forging its IP address with that of the client and hacks the user’s system or device through it. They convince the user that they are interacting with a legitimate website or entity.
- Eavesdropping Attack- In these attacks the hackers make use of insecure connections to insert themselves between two parties. They eavesdrop on sensitive information and steal it while nobody notices their presence as the connection is not robust enough.
- Replay Attack- Hackers in these types of attacks impersonate another participant and save their old messages to use at a later time to lure information.
- Bluetooth Attack– As Bluetooth is often left open in various devices, hackers drop harmful malware in various devices through it to hack and hijack devices.
These are all the various types of cyber threats that are becoming more and more prevalent through the internet and social media. Utilize different security tools and software to safeguard your businesses. Moreover, if you are on a budget, you can also download the best VPN for Windows to protect your company’s software and systems.