Tractors and their evolution with time in India


When it comes to mechanised farming and increasing agricultural productivity, tractors have proven themselves as worldwide champs. Talking about India and its relation with tractors in the same perspective as discussed before, it has been quite old and full of great innovations till time. Thus, these projections have made the tractor industry a core part of the Indian economy.

After India gained independence in 1947, the mechanisation in agriculture was limited to richie rich farmers, aka zamindars. Thus, the Indian Government made hard decisions to cope with the scenario. This included five-year plans of the 1950s and 1960s that focused heavily on localised industrialisation and mechanisation of farming via joint ventures of homegrown and international industries. Despite fully dedicated efforts, the actual innovations and applications of it were visible three decades later. Factually speaking, around 140000 tractors were being manufactured per year in the 1980s.

In addition to this, the Green revolution paced up the scenario. This resulted in almost doubling production numbers for tractors. Now, speaking of today’s scenario, India contributed to roughly 29% of the world’s total tractor production. To make this a true and growing industry, India has almost 16 domestic and 4 multinational tractor manufacturing companies. 

Why are tractors important with regard to agriculture?

Tractor production has proven records of boosting agricultural production through the accurate and efficient usage of farming machines. Tractor production and its usage have been hyped and thus increased due to increasing demand in the country. Furthermore, tractors have made it easy to fulfil the growing food demand in India to a great extent. 

These have single-handedly controlled and in fact, increase the food productivity per square hectare of land in the country. Tractor brands like Powertrac, with their signature and popular tractors such as Powertrac Euro 50, took the responsibility of taking agricultural production to the next level and have done it beautifully. 

How have tractors such as Farmtrac Euro 50 justified the term adaptability?

Mahindra 575 Price in India ranges from Rs. 6.90-7.25 Lakhs. This economical price range is designed to see the financial restrictions and conditions of farmers. Tractor brands such as Farmtrac Euro 50 have brought justice to the term adaptability as per land and farmer’s requirements. The tractor brand thus adopted various rules and disciplines such as pollution norms, RTI regulations, etc., to cope with Indian agricultural land. 

Tractors powered by gasoline

The book by famous writer and author of the book Vintage Farm Tractors, Ralph W. Sanders, says many facts about tractors and their evolution with time in the book. The book gives the credit of gasoline-powered tractors to Charter Gasoline Engine Company. The company invented gasoline-powered traction engines in 1887. This invention coined the term tractor.

History of famous Ford Tractors with the evolution

Henry Ford was responsible for the first-ever gasoline-powered tractors. He went on with his industry-first ever experiment with his chief engineer Joseph Galamb in 1907. At the time, tractors were known by the name automobile plough. This successful experimentation in the industry started the extensive use of tractors.

Tractor styles with the evolution of tractors

Tractor styles are mostly seen in two kinds: two-wheeled and four-wheeled tractors. The first tractors came with two wheels with a single axle. In and after the 1960s, the four-wheeled tractors came into existence. Tractor manufacturers strictly adapted diesel as a fuel over gasoline and kerosene, and thus the diesel tractors we see today came into existence.

A quick look into modern tractors

From being just an interesting invention to a piece of required farming machinery in modern times, tractors have made a heck of a journey. To maintain carbon neutrality, the tractor industry is now being electrified. Furthermore, the first electric tractor, powertrac tractor 60 hp T4 Electric Power (120HP, 440 NM) , has already been launched in the market.

 Further inventions are being carried out to make these electric tractors more withstanding with time, i.e. more battery capacity. This research and development will make electric vehicles more sustainable and cost-friendly. Further speaking, tractor implements such as tillers, rotavators, etc., have increased food production to cope with the increasing food demand of the planet. 

As per the new definition of mechanised agriculture, tractors have become a vital part of the farming processes. Such vitality has made positive changes in the industry and has increased the employment, traceability, and scalability of farmers across the world. The time has changed, and now countries like India have become food suppliers from a stage of food shortage.

To wrap up

Tractors brought mechanisation to agriculture and thus fulfilled the food demand of the planet. Beyond this, tractors also found their use at construction sites, military initiatives, and many more commercial and non-commercial places. Further saying, tractor brands like Powertrac, with their one-of-a-kind tractors such as New Holland 3630 tx plus with its economical price, have served a whole lot of farmers in India. What do you think?